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Thursday, December 9, 2010

How Do Home Solar Panels Work?

A home solar panel uses the power of the sun to generate electricity, a similar process as that in chemical batteries. This process is the free flow of electrons.

The most basic element in solar panels is silicon. Silicon is a great platform for transmitting electrons once it's been purified. Natural silicon atoms carry four electrons, but have room for yet another four. The plates of solar panels are designed of this natural kind of silicon. The plates possess a neutral charge when they're alone since each silicon atom requires eight electrons altogether to have a charge. This means that they must be combined with other elements that do have a positive or negative charge.

For electricity to be able to flow, you'll need both a positive and negative charge. Phosphorus is usually combined with the silicon to produce the negative plate and boron to make the positive plate. The plates are thenjoined together with wires which are proficient at conducting electrical energy to form one panel made of a positive and a negative half.

The completed panels are put at a certain angle (negative on top) to seize the photons made by the sun's rays. These photons introduce energy into the negative plate. Once enough energy has been put in, the extra electron which made the silicon-phosphorus combination negative breaks clear. The electron is taken into the outer band of the silicon-boron blend. This process lets off the energy source injected by the photons and this energy source is made into energy as soon as it's caught by the conductive electrical wires between the plates.

Though a single escaping electron isn't going to generate much electricity, the merged effort of millions of them crammed into the plate can power a compact engine. But, the angle of the plate has to be just right or you will not get the most out of it, productivity can be cut in half by just a little movement.

Solar panels don't produce much electrical energy, but any additional that there may possibly be may be amassed in a battery and held for a rainy day. The greater the solar panels, the more operational electricity they will produce. Modern technology is constantly moving forward and trying to help make them more efficient. Eventually it may be attainable to supply a racing car with a solar panel the dimensions of an A4 piece of paper. Picture having entire cities using the electricity made by only a city block or two of solar panels in lieu of requiring a roof coated in the panels for each home!

Home solar panels additionally save you a good deal of money on electricity bills and will recover their cost in a few short years, where after you will have free electricity. Amazing, is it not?

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